Research Behind PRIME
PRIME was developed as a research-based initiative, focused on understanding how students learn mathematics in the elementary grades. The research was designed to answer two key questions for each of the five mathematics strands:
1. What are the phases of development that students “travel” through while learning key mathematical skills and concepts?
2. What is the best way to identify a student’s placement in the phases of learning?
Data was gathered over three years from over 12,000 students across Canada. This research resulted in the following:
Research Behind The Ten Dimensions
- The phases of student learning, including indicators describing each
phase, were validated and became the Developmental Maps
- The assessment items to assist in determining student placement and
growth by phase were created and became the Diagnostic Tools
- The 12,000 sample student responses illustrated and validated the
phases of development and were used within the Background and
Additional research, conducted by Dr. Douglas McDougall, also provided a framework for school improvement in mathematics. Dr. McDougall identified the Ten Dimensions of Mathematics Education, which are designed to help school leaders build capacity in mathematics education:
These Ten Dimensions are outlined in detail within the School Mathematics Improvement Course and Leadership Handbook.